Luxembourg law on the management of waste requires municipalities to manage household and similar waste – including organic waste and other recoverable waste fractions – produced on their territory, and to implement measures to reduce waste. The Service Hygiène (Sanitation Department) is charged with this task in Luxembourg City.
In accordance with the law, the City of Luxembourg seeks to organise waste management so as to limit energy use and the impact on the environment. It does so by carrying out actions in the following order of priority:
- preparation for reuse
- other forms of recovery, in particular energy recovery
Household and similar waste
Quantities of household and similar waste collected in Luxembourg City are showing a downward trend. The City of Luxembourg continues to work towards meeting the target set by the European Union, which calls for the recovery of at least 50% of household waste by 2020.
According to a study on the optimisation of household waste recovery, the portion of organic waste in grey bins represents a significant potential source of renewable energy.
In October 2010, the Service Hygiène introduced a specific collection service for organic household waste. By the end of May 2012, the service had been extended to all city districts. The biomethanation process is carried out at the Naturgas Kielen plant in Kehlen and the Bakona plant in Itzig. The collection service was gradually improved, and has been implemented in its current form since 2013.
- door-to-door collection of food waste in brown bins
- door-to-door collection of grass clippings in brown bins or bags
- on-demand collection of woody waste (loose or in containers)
- option to drop off wood waste and grass clippings at the Recycling Centre
- removal of containers from public areas given the popularity of alternative solutions
The modernisation of the Sidor incineration plant has helped to improve its energy efficiency by recovering heat not only for electricity generation, but also for the district heating system. Together with the installation in 2015 of a new district heating network fed by the incineration plant and serving the Ban de Gasperich business park, this optimisation process will help reduce carbon dioxide emissions. In light of the current yield of the modernised incineration plant, incineration can be considered as an energy recovery process within the meaning of the European Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC).
The City of Luxembourg facilitates the separate collection of waste by providing residents with the following services: door-to-door collection of glass; collection of paper and cardboard; and door-to-door collection of PMC packaging (large and small plastic bottles, metal cans and beverage cartons) recovered and recycled by Valorlux.
The recycling centre celebrated its 25th year of operation in 2013. It allows Luxembourg City residents to dispose of their recyclable and hazardous waste in an environmentally friendly manner.
A large number of public collection points for used paper and cardboard, glass, textiles and used batteries are located throughout the city, rounding out its solutions to encourage recycling. See also www.topographie.lu (only in FR).
In order to significantly reduce the quantities of waste produced during public events, the City of Luxembourg began the gradual introduction of reusable containers for food and drinks in 2013. The City now logs more than 100,000 cup rentals each year, as well as over 1,500 rentals of porcelain dishes.
Some City of Luxembourg departments have been "SuperDrecksKëscht® fir Betriber" certified for many years: Service Véhicules et maintenance (Vehicles and Maintenance Department) since 1994, Service Circulation (Traffic Department) since 1995, and Service Hygiène (Sanitation Department) since 1996. This label recognises the quality of the waste prevention, sorting and recovery procedures put in place by the City's municipal departments, in keeping with the City of Luxembourg's commitment to environmental protection. The agreement with SuperDrecksKëscht provides for the extension of the certification to all 154 municipal buildings. In 2016, the City of Luxembourg's certification rate was 90%.