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Pedestrian and bicycle crossings
At these specially marked crossings, pedestrians and cyclists have right of way over motorists. Here, cyclists can also cross the roadway using the cycle path (coloured red) without having to dismount. They must exercise caution in doing so, however.
Contra-flow bicycle lanes
Cyclists may ride counter to the flow of traffic in areas with speed limits of 30 km/h if road regulations for this area allow, as indicated by a special "excepté cycles" (except cyclists) sign at the entrance to a one-way street.
Bus lanes – authorised use by cyclists
Cyclists are not allowed to use bus lanes, unless a special "excepté cycles" (except cyclists) sign has been affixed under the bus lane sign.
Advanced stop line
At junctions controlled by traffic lights, the advanced stop line creates a waiting area for cyclists in front of the stop line for cars.
This allows cyclists to change lanes and position themselves visibly ahead of motorised vehicles so they can safely continue on their way when the traffic light changes.
Shared cycling lanes are intended for – but not reserved to – bicycle traffic, and are separated from the rest of the roadway by a broken line.
Cyclists do not have to use these advisory lanes and vehicles may use advisory lanes if needed (at a crossroads, for example).
Indirect left turns
The indirect left turn is the safest way for a cyclist to make a left turn on major roads, which generally have junctions controlled by traffic lights.
Lights for bikes
Hop on your bike and enjoy safer and enjoy more fluid journeys, all the while adhering to rules of the road!
Sets of traffic lights around the city now have flashing amber lights for cyclists.
These lights allow cyclists to continue their journey in the direction of the arrow, even when light is red for vehicular traffic. Cyclists will nevertheless need to look out for other traffic and give way if necessary.
These lights have been installed at the following intersections:
- Avenue du Dix Septembre / Boulevard de Verdun
- Boulevard Franklin D. Roosevelt / Rue Philippe II
- Avenue Marie-Thérèse
- Boulevard Franklin D. Roosevelt / Rue de l'Ancien Athénée
- Rue de Bonnevoie (Rue du Laboratoire) (planned for early 2021)
- Avenue Monterey / Boulevard Grande-Duchesse Charlotte
Several sets of traffic lights are now equipped with induction loops that detect the presence of bikes and reduce cyclists' waiting times at red lights.
To install these detectors, grooves are milled into the road surface, usually in the shape of a rectangle. The cables are then set into these grooves and connected to the traffic-light system for bikes. Once this is complete, the grooves are sealed.
When electricity flows through the newly installed cables, a magnetic field is generated. As soon as a bike, with its metal components, passes over or stops within the loop, changes in the magnetic field are detected. A signal is then sent to the traffic-light system, which in turn causes the light to change to green.
Example of a detector loop:
Bicycle boulevards are streets in the city that are reserved for cyclists. Their main purpose is to create safe, free-flowing routes between the major thoroughfares and existing cycling infrastructure.
The idea is to optimise existing routes used by cyclists, where vehicle traffic flows and interactions with motorists are very similar to those on a bicycle boulevard.
In introducing bicycle boulevards, the City can continue to gradually expand the network of bicycle routes and promote safe active travel options in the city.
The speed limit for motor vehicles on bicycle boulevards is 30 km/h.
- On bicycle boulevards, cyclists always have right of way and can use the entire width of the traffic lane.
- Motorists may not overtake other motorists or cyclists, or endanger or obstruct other road users, and must also stop if need be. Additionally, when driving on a bicycle boulevard, motorists must take the shortest route. Parking is prohibited, except in areas that are signposted or marked as parking areas.
The latest guidelines for planning cycling infrastructure
To facilitate the planning of cycling infrastructure, the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure (Ministère du Développement durable et des Infrastructures) has published a website, providing a number of fact sheets. These fact sheets contain the new set of recommendations on the development of different types of infrastructure for cyclists, and are meant to serve as a reference both when planning the cycle lane network and applying for building permits.
Currently, the existing fact sheets cover cycling infrastructure on standard road sections, but the site will regularly be updated to include fact sheets covering crossroads, network planning, cycle parks, facilities in buildings catering to cyclists, etc.
If planners cannot find the information they are looking for in the fact sheets, they are welcome to develop their own ad hoc solutions. Such solutions must be duly justified, either by proving they comply with a regulation, standard or recommendation in force in another country, or by providing evidence of a successful pilot project or comparable existing development.
Queries, comments and suggestions should be forwarded to the Active Travel Unit (Cellule Mobilité Douce) of the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure.