Skip to main content


The City of Luxembourg is known for the striking contrast between its old fortifications, classic 18th and 19th century buildings, and modern architectural gems. In 1994, the city's Old Town and fortifications were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

To mark the occasion, the City of Luxembourg and the National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO have produced a video, showing the Old Town and the fortress wall in a new light.

Outstanding universal value

Due to its exceptionally strategic position, the Fortress of Luxembourg was one of the most coveted strongholds in Europe from the 16th century to 1867, when its fortifications were dismantled. It was reinforced and extended many times as it passed from the hands of one great European power to the next (the Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, the House of Burgundy, the Habsburgs, the Kings of Spain and France, and the Prussians), and remains a strong example of a historic, fortified European city with an exceptional variety of military architecture illustrating a long period of Western history.

  • Criteria: (iv) to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
  • Listed property: 29.94 hectares
  • Buffer zone: 108.73 hectares

UNESCO Promenade

The "UNESCO Promenade" showcases the beauty of the ancient fortress and the charm of the capital's Old Town, which earned it a place in the UNESCO World Heritage programme on 17 December 1994. 

On foot

Starting at Place de la Constitution, this walk takes you directly past the city's old fortifications in the Pétrusse Valley, along a garden that harks back to the city's past as a major rose exporter. It continues along the Corniche, passing by the ramparts before crossing into the Old Town.

An audio app is now available for visitors 24/7 on the website in the five languages listed above. The "UNESCO Promenade" app, which includes a geolocation feature, can be downloaded from the App Store, GooglePlay and the Windows Phone Store.  The app lets you share your experiences of the tour directly to social media.

By bike

The UNESCO promenades by bike are a great way to discover the UNESCO heritage site and its most popular attractions in just under an hour and a half. The programme is divided into two parts: a 2.5-kilometre tour on foot, and a 9.5-kilometre tour by bike.

Project partners:  The Luxembourg Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure, the Luxembourg City Tourist Office, the Alstad Committee, the Pfaffenthal-Siechenhof Syndicat d'intérêts locaux, the Stadtgrund Syndicat d'intérêts locaux, Amis du château de Clausen, Frën vun der Festungsgeschicht, Patrimoine Roses pour le Luxembourg, Geschichtsfrënn St Quirinus.

Walking and guided tours

The Luxembourg City Tourist Office (LCTO) offers a number of walking and guided tours.

Educational material

These colouring pages are a fun way for children to discover the historic buildings and landmarks of our fair city. They were designed by architects Isabelle Van Driessche, Arnaud de Meyer and André Haagen. The various colours represent different chapters in Luxembourg City's history, teaching children about the city's past through a fun and entertaining activity. Before you know it, they'll be experts on the City's Old Town and fortifications.

World Heritage Cities

Organisation of World Heritage Cities


Luca Luxembourg Centre for Architecture – Foundation for Architecture

Order of Architects and Consulting Engineers (OAI)

The third edition of the guide to contemporary architecture lays outfour tours for exploring the architecture, urban engineering and characteristic features of Luxembourg City.

the department

Contact details

Cercle Cité

Entrée : 2A, rue Genistre
L-1623 Luxembourg
Adresse postale :
Administration communale
L-2090 Luxembourg

Opening hours