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Pedestrian and bicycle crossings
At these specially marked crossings, pedestrians and cyclists have right of way over motorists. Here, cyclists can also cross the roadway using the cycle path (coloured red) without having to dismount. They must exercise caution in doing so, however.
Contra-flow bicycle lanes
Cyclists may ride counter to the flow of traffic in areas with speed limits of 30 km/h if road regulations for this area allow, as indicated by a special "excepté cycles" (except cyclists) sign at the entrance to a one-way street.
Bus lanes – authorised use by cyclists
Cyclists are not allowed to use bus lanes, unless a special "excepté cycles" (except cyclists) sign has been affixed under the bus lane sign.
Advanced stop line
At junctions controlled by traffic lights, the advanced stop line creates a waiting area for cyclists in front of the stop line for cars.
This allows cyclists to change lanes and position themselves visibly ahead of motorised vehicles so they can safely continue on their way when the traffic light changes.
Shared cycling lanes are intended for – but not reserved to – bicycle traffic, and are separated from the rest of the roadway by a broken line.
Cyclists do not have to use these shared lanes and vehicles may use shared lanes if needed (at a crossroads, for example).
Indirect left turns
The indirect left turn is the safest way for a cyclist to make a left turn on major roads, which generally have junctions controlled by traffic lights.
The latest guidelines for planning cycling infrastructure
To facilitate the planning of cycling infrastructure, the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure (Ministère du Développement durable et des Infrastructures) has published a website, providing a number of fact sheets. These fact sheets contain the new set of recommendations on the development of different types of infrastructure for cyclists, and are meant to serve as a reference both when planning the cycle lane network and applying for building permits.
Currently, the existing fact sheets cover cycling infrastructure on standard road sections, but the site will regularly be updated to include fact sheets covering crossroads, network planning, cycle parks, facilities in buildings catering to cyclists, etc.
If planners cannot find the information they are looking for in the fact sheets, they are welcome to develop their own ad hoc solutions. Such solutions must be duly justified, either by proving they comply with a regulation, standard or recommendation in force in another country, or by providing evidence of a successful pilot project or comparable existing development.
Queries, comments and suggestions should be forwarded to the Active Travel Unit (Cellule Mobilité Douce) at the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure.